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30-10-2014 | Genitourinary cancers | Book chapter | Article

6. New Imaging Techniques in the Staging of Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder

Authors: M.D. Ramdev Konijeti, M.D. Adam S. Kibel

Publisher: Springer New York

Abstract

The surgical treatment of bladder cancer ranges from simple transurethral resection to radical cystectomy with or without perioperative chemotherapy. As such, staging is a key driver of therapy. While conventional imaging techniques clearly play a central role in the assessment of bladder cancer, assessment of disease extent could be improved. As such, multiple new imaging modalities have sought to improve staging and in doing so improve cure rates. The focus of this chapter will be to highlight the current state-of-the-art with respect to use of newer magnetic resonance (e.g. diffusion-weighted MRI (DW MRI), dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE MRI), MRI lymphography) and positron emission tomography (PET) techniques to improve assessment of local and metastatic disease.

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