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14-06-2018 | Renal cell carcinoma | Article

An interdisciplinary consensus on the management of bone metastases from renal cell carcinoma

Journal:
Nature Reviews Urology

Authors: Viktor Grünwald, Berit Eberhardt, Axel Bex, Anne Flörcken, Thomas Gauler, Thorsten Derlin, Martin Panzica, Hans Roland Dürr, Knut Achim Grötz, Rachel H. Giles, Christian von Falck, Anno Graser, Alexander Muacevic, Michael Staehler

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group UK

Abstract

Bone is a major site of haematogenous tumour cell spread in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and most patients with RCC will develop painful and functionally disabling bone metastases at advanced disease stages. The prognosis of these patients is generally poor and the treatment is, therefore, aimed at palliation. However, RCC-associated bone metastases can be curable in select patients. Current data support a multimodal management strategy that includes wide resection of lesions, radiotherapy, systemic therapy, and other local treatment options, which can improve quality of life and survival. Nevertheless, the optimal approach for metastatic bone disease in RCC has not yet been defined and practical recommendations are rare. To improve the management and outcomes of patients with RCC and bone metastases, the International Kidney Cancer Coalition and the interdisciplinary working group on renal tumours of the German Cancer Society convened a meeting of experts with a global perspective to perform an unstructured review and elaborate on current treatment strategies on the basis of published data and expertise. The panel formulated recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with RCC and metastasis to the bone. Furthermore, the experts summarized current challenges and unmet patient needs that should be addressed in the future.

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