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30-04-2016 | Non-melanoma skin cancer | Article

1. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Author: MPH Pritesh S. Karia

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Abstract

Non melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), which consist of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the United States. SCC accounts for only 20 % of all NMSCs however, it causes the majority of metastases and deaths from NMSC. Due to its commonness and overall excellent prognosis, SCC is excluded from national cancer registries in the United States. Hence; population-based incidence and outcome studies are lacking. In this chapter, current epidemiologic data on SCC incidence, risk factors for SCC formation (such as exposure to ultraviolet radiation, ionizing radiation, and infection with human papillomavirus) and overall prognosis of SCC will be discussed.

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