Targeting Immune System Alterations in Hodgkin Lymphoma
- Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Authors: Natalie S. Grover, Barbara Savoldo
Publisher: Springer US
This review discusses novel immunotherapeutic approaches to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), specifically PD-1 inhibitors and cellular immunotherapy.
PD-1 inhibitors have shown promising results in the treatment of relapsed or refractory HL, leading to FDA approval of nivolumab and pembrolizumab, although complete remissions are rare. Chimeric antigen receptor T cells directed against CD30 have been investigated with preliminary clinical trials showing minimal toxicities and some responses in heavily pre-treated patients with HL.
HL is unique as it consists of a small percentage of malignant cells (Hodgkin Reed Sternberg cells) surrounded by an inflammatory microenvironment which promotes tumor growth and suppresses immune responses, making it an ideal target for immunotherapeutic approaches, such as PD-1 inhibitors and cellular immunotherapy. Current research is focused on overcoming barriers to efficacy via rational combinations that overcome resistance to therapy.